Accurately and effectively communicate ideas, information, arguments, and messages to present material in a historical context.
Investigate and evaluate historical information from global, social, and ethical perspectives to guide decision making.
You will choose 2 groups (women, laborers, farmers, believers, scientists and scholars, the middle class, the aristocracy, the agrarian poor, artisans, merchants, military people, entrepreneurs, religious authorities, heretics, artists, patients, builders and architects, physicians, musicians, entrepreneurs, etc.) and trace the technological transformations in their lives and the changes in how they see the universe.
Technological transformations in artists and scientists in how they see the universe
Technological transformation has always changed how humans behave, associate and view the world around them. Historically, technology advancement was a radical eventuality that determined the way artists and scientists viewed life. For these two groups, the aftereffect of technological transformation would be very disruptive; the emerging technology would undermine previous customs and perceptions thereby changing their contemporary society.
Technological transformation was founded on the interrogation of all frameworks of previous convictions, whether in arts or sciences. Scientists and artists had to grapple with all the new assumptions about reality and culture brought into existence by all the technological transformation. Due to these new ways, artists were currently starting to break the greater part of the tenets since they were attempting to keep pace with the majority of the ethical and technological changes that were altering their the entire structure of life. In doing so, artists defied everything that had been thought as normal and developed and explored different avenues regarding new masterful artistic languages that could all the more properly express the significance of the greater part of the new changes that were happening. The outcome was a new form of art that seemed peculiar and radical to whoever experienced it in light of the fact that the aesthetic standard had dependably been mimesis, the strict impersonation or representation of the presence of nature, individuals, and society. Eventually, art came to be judged on the standard of how well it practically reflected what something looked or seemed like.
As an outcome of technological transformation, scientists and artists alike felt a feeling of consistent anticipation and would not have liked to focus or dwell on a single framework that would thereby harness creativity. Thus in art, for example, toward the start of the twentieth century, artists challenged academic art for its absence of opportunity and instead toyed with a number of isms: secessionism, expressionism, futurism and surrealism. Pablo Picasso, for example, explored widely with different styles, never needing to feel excessively comfortable with any one style.
On the other hand, the scientists tradition had started back in ancient Greece. It had flourished in the Renaissance era and had found prominence during the middle ages. This new technological transformation moulded science and a few philosophical theoreticians were to change the way scientists viewed the outside world. From the eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century, science was truly re-creating itself daily. With such a large number of scientific discoveries and technological transformations occurring, the world was changing so rapidly that culture needed to re-define itself invariably so as to keep up the pace with technology. By the time a new scientific advancement or artistic style had found acceptance, it was soon challenged and discarded for an even newer one. This ushered a new era that changed the way scientists perceived and depicted the universe.
The scientists’ reality was a clamouring space changed by the majority of the new scientific discoveries and technological transformation that were being presented to civilization. Electricity, television, the combustion engine, the telephone, radio, X-rays, fertilizers et cetera were advancements that changed the scientists’ view of the world. As it were, technology turned into another religious faction that held the way to another idealistic dream that would change the very way of man. Furthermore, the new technologies quickened the pace through which scientists experienced life on an everyday premise. Scientists now have become literally dependent on all these scientific and technological advancements.
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