A reaction paper to the core reading(s) of this topic:
Week 9: Barry Buzan et al. and the EU Response to Migration
-Barry Buzan, Ole Waever & Jaap de Wilde (1998), Security: A New Framework for Analysis,
Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, Chapters 1 and 2.
-Jeff Huysmans (2000), �The European Union and the Securitization of Migration�, Journal
of Common Market Studies, vol. 38, no. 5, pp751-77.
Theoretical Approaches to World Politics
European countries are experiencing the highest influx of migrants who flee their countries of origin in Africa and the Middle East because of war, terror, and in search of a better life. In the process of their migration, they risk their lives a lot as some die along the way due to the harsh environment and others capsize with their boats. The most affected countries where immigrants arrive first are Greece, Austria, Italy, Spain and Hungary among others.
The EU member countries have a common policy that requires them to absorb asylum seekers into the rest of the society; however, some have been reluctant to adhere to the plan. They argue that immigrants interfere with the identity of their cultures, increase competition for jobs and social services at the expense of the locals (Huysmans, 2000:752). The racist perception of immigrants by European countries has thus increased the xenophobic thoughts and harassment of the asylum seekers.
The EU President has been calling for tolerance and integration of asylum so that they can enjoy a happy life just as other people but his ideas have received resistance. Every country has a responsibility to protect and uphold the rights of asylum seekers and the refugees. Therefore, EU has no reason to mistreat the immigrants on the basis that they are a security threat since they must be inspected at the entry points (Buzan, Wæver & De Wilde, 1998:3-5). After long sessions of consultation, the EU accepted asylum seekers, especially those from Syria. The problem is that the EU takes in the brightest individuals particularly from Africa hence contributing to brain drain in the continent. In conclusion, it is essential to address the security concerns of EU since terrorism is on the rise today. Some people might as well pretend to be asylums seekers yet they have some hidden agendas. Therefore, as much as granting asylum seekers protection is mandatory, such efforts must be coordinated with security officials in a humane manner.
Buzan, B., Waever, O., & De Wilde, J. 1998. Security: a new framework for analysis. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Huysmans, J. 2000. The European Union and the securitization of migration. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 38(5), 751-777.